Heart Disease: Early Intervention to Reduce Morbidity

Heart DiseaseHeart disease is the leading cause of death worldwide. According to the American Heart Association, cardiovascular disease remains the number one cause of permanent disability and death in the United States. Almost 84 million Americans suffer from at least one form of cardiovascular disease. Due to its significant impact on health, heart disease requires early treatment in clinics such as Revere Health.

What Is Heart Disease?

Heart disease impairs the normal functions of the heart and blood vessels. However, it commonly refers to Coronary Artery Disease (CAD), which is the leading cause of disability worldwide. CAD is a condition wherein partial or complete occlusion is present in the blood vessels. Since blood carries oxygen and nutrients that enable proper organ function, it is vital to have patent vessels. In CAD, inadequate blood reaches the organs, resulting in progressive tissue damage. A physical examination is crucial in diagnosing an individual with heart disease. Most patients experience a sudden onset of chest pain, sweating, shortness of breath, and weakness.

How Is Heart Disease Managed?

Laboratory testing is needed to confirm the diagnosis of heart disease. An electrocardiogram (ECG) is used to detect abnormalities in the electric conduction of the heart. Cardiac biomarkers, such as creatine kinase and troponin, can confirm the presence of tissue damage. Once CAD is diagnosed, oral and intravenous drugs are immediately given to remove the occluded clot, improve blood flow, and reduce tissue destruction.

Overall, approximately one out of three deaths in the United States can be attributed to heart disease. Healthcare experts prioritize immediate therapy to prevent irreversible heart tissue damage. It is crucial to find a cardiologist who can recognize the early signs of the disease.